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Alain Stephen

Why We Think the Things We Think

Jens Peter Skøttje citiraoпре 6 месеци
the way of truth and the way of opinion.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
The epistemological problem at the heart of theories of recreation is that if we take it that God can rebuild bodies identical to their original form, what is to stop God making multiple bodies or copies of the same bodily form? How is the uniqueness of personal identity preserved in either physical or spiritual form?
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
(the idea that when we conceive substance, we can only think in terms of matter).
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
The belief in life after death, rebirth or resurrection is a central tenet to many religions and faiths. It can provide comfort and meaning to the existence of our earthly bodies and minds. Perhaps belief in life after death should therefore be taken as a matter of faith over reason.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
In dualist theology, personal identity is maintained through the resolution of the soul between death and resurrection or rebirth
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
Fukayama used the fall of the Eastern bloc and the rapid switch from command economies and one-party states to free-market democratic states as empirical evidence that liberal democratic systems had won the ideological war with Marxism that had dominated the post-war era.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 13 дана
Central to Fukayama’s thesis (expanded upon in his 1992 book The End of History and the Last Man) is the view that history itself is not a timeline of connected or unconnected events but an evolutionary process
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 14 дана
The traditional view in analytic philosophy, prior to Wittgenstein, was to take a proposition or statement and ascertain its truth-value according to external aspects
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 14 дана
The problem with correspondence theory is that it relies upon the assumption that there is an observable objective reality that can be accurately described by reference to symbols, sounds and thoughts.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
The theological phase lasted until the Enlightenment and is characterized and ordered by humanity’s supplication to God and religion
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
Positivism is a philosophy of science based on the idea that the only legitimate knowledge is scientific knowledge.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
The idea that science should be able to lend explanations for everything from natural phenomena to human behaviour is known in philosophical terms as positivism.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
History, for Marx, is therefore grounded in historical materialism and can be viewed as the evolution of different economic systems and modes of production, created to cater for our basic material needs but inevitably leading to conflicts and the creation of new social systems that also evolve over time.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
Capitalism can be defined as a mode of production predicated on the means of production being under the private ownership of a small, wealthy elite
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
Nietzsche, words become concepts as a means of articulating a uniformity of experience, to facilitate communication.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
Russell noted that one of the problems with determining truth relates to the notion of definite descriptions.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
knowledge by description’: information from secondary sources which can only be inferred by or subjected to reason, but not directly experienced, including by experience of the object itself.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
For Nietzsche, words become concepts as a means of articulating a uniformity of experience, to facilitate communication.
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
The facts of nature are what they are, but we can only view them through the spectacles of our mind.’
Yulia Sausanje citiraoпре 16 дана
For James, humans do not experience mind in separation from body, all they experience are the relations between thoughts, and bodily responses to those thoughts (such as sensations and emotions).
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