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Aristotle

Aristotle on the art of poetry

    t2cje citiraoпре 3 месеца
    It may be argued that, if the less vulgar is the higher, and the less vulgar is always that which addresses the better public, an art addressing any and every one is of a very vulgar order
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    The construction of its stories should clearly be like that in a drama; they should be based on a single action, one that is a complete whole in itself, with a beginning, middle, and end, so as to enable the work to produce its own proper pleasure with all the organic unity of a living creature.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    Homer, admirable as he is in every other respect, is especially so in this, that he alone among epic poets is not unaware of the part to be played by the poet himself in the poem.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    A likely impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility. The story should never be made up of improbable incidents
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    The poet being an imitator just like the painter or other maker of likenesses, he must necessarily in all instances represent things in one or other of three aspects, either as they were or are, or as they are said or thought to be or to have been, or as they ought to be.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    As Tragedy is an imitation of personages better than the ordinary man, we in our way should follow the example of good portrait-painters, who reproduce the distinctive features of a man, and at the same time, without losing the likeness, make him handsomer than he is.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    The action, proceeding in the way defined, as one continuous whole, I call simple, when the change in the hero's fortunes takes place without Peripety or Discovery; and complex, when it involves one or the other, or both.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    As for the two remaining parts, the Melody is the greatest of the pleasurable accessories of Tragedy. The Spectacle, though an attraction, is the least artistic of all the parts, and has least to do with the art of poetry.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    We maintain, therefore, that the first essential, the life and soul, so to speak, of Tragedy is the Plot; and that the Characters come second—compare the parallel in painting, where the most beautiful colours laid on without order will not give one the same pleasure as a simple black-and-white sketch of a portrait.
    Martin Zdravkovje citiraoпре 8 месеци
    In a play accordingly they do not act in order to portray the Characters; they include the Characters for the sake of the action. So that it is the action in it, i.e. its Fable or Plot, that is the end and purpose of the tragedy; and the end is everywhere the chief thing.
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