Introducing Body Language, Glenn Wilson
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Glenn Wilson

Introducing Body Language

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BMatt Manyonga
BMatt Manyongaje citiraoпре 10 месеци
attitudes­ and intentions are better read through body language.
Alla Zharskaya
Alla Zharskayaje citiralaпре 2 године
body language ‘leaks’ certain emotions and attitudes that we might have preferred to conceal from those who observe us
Marija
Marijaje citiraoпре 7 дана
Summary
Reasons for growing a beard
Convenience – dispenses with daily ritual.
Sexually attractive to some women.
Increase in gravitas – to look older and wiser.
Look more masculine and heroic.
To conceal emotional expressions.
Reasons for shaving
Hygiene – easier to keep face clean.
More attractive to some women.
Look younger.
Look more respectable/trustworthy.
More emotionally expressive.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Analysis of who is mirroring whom indicates which of the pair is dominant. Generally, the person who initiates changes in posture that are copied by the other person is the one who is dominant in the relationship. However, there may be circumstances in which a high-status individual deliberately mirrors a subordinate in order to put them at their ease (in a job interview for example).
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Salespersons sometimes watch a couple to see which of the two initiates gestures that are copied by the other. This provides a clue as to which is dominant, so that the sales pitch can be focused towards that member of the pair
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Ownership signals – finding a pretext to put a hand on your shoulder or an arm around you, or surrounding you in such a way as to exclude others from conversation, indicates strong interest
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Holding a lit cigarette or a glass of drink out in front of one’s body may also be a way of fending people off
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Picking imaginary lint off one’s own clothes conveys the message that one is bored with the other (wants to be rid of pests)
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Try staring mutually into the eyes of a friend with the challenge of who can maintain the gaze longest before opting out. This ‘battle of the eyes’ is a game that is often played in school playgrounds. It is a disquieting experience that may at some point break down into mutual laughter, but it is interesting to analyse who wins and why. Submissive people and those who feel outranked are more likely to back down. In real life the loser probably spends more time looking at his/her feet than gazing directly at other people.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
By corollary, avoidance of eye contact may be a means of avoiding excessive intimacy or an act of social submission.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
We make more eye contact when listening than when talking
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Friendly people look into the eyes of the other more than those that are unfriendly
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
If you contrive to pull your face artificially into the shape of a smile you are almost certain to start feeling happier. It is extremely hard to be angry or miserable with a smile on your face. Try watching a very funny cartoon with a pen held between your lips for a while. Now try holding the pen between your teeth. The cartoon is likely to seem funnier when your mouth is held open by the pen in the latter condition. Being tight-lipped is bound to inhibit our experience of humour
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
If you take a photo of a person and draw a dividing line down the centre of the face the two sides will often look different. Generally, the left side is more emotionally expressive.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
instinctive origins are quite separate. The smile derives from a submissive, appeasement gesture in non-human primates. The mouth is stretched back so as to reveal the teeth closed in a non-threatening position, essentially saying, ‘See, I’m totally harmless and won’t bite you’. The laugh is nearer to an aggressive signal, like that of a monkey that shows its teeth open and ready to bite, while making a loud glottal ‘ah-ah-ah’ sound to threaten a rival. This is especially true of the kind of laugh that children use when ridiculing one another in the playground and when adults make hostile jokes against ethnic out-groups. Naturally enough, the appeasing smile has been adopted by humans to signal friendly intent.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Since humans are able to control their mouth signals more easily than their eyes and forehead, the top half of the face usually provides a more valid reading of emotion
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Recent research has found that what makes a face look sinister is a large pointed chin and prominent eyebrows that slope downwards towards the centre, almost converging. This is seen in the classic cartoon character ‘baddies’ such as Captain Hook, Dick Dastardly and Cruella De Vil. It has also been found that people are more sensitive to negative faces, picking sad and angry expressions out of a crowd more quickly than positive ones. This is perhaps because we use them as indicators of threat.
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
Blinking – may indicate tension or lying, decreases during concentration
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
This is probably the reason why the muscles of our face are so highly developed as a system for signalling feelings and attitudes
Полина Савакова
Полина Саваковаje citiralaпре 3 месеца
One study of hitch-hiker success concluded that eye contact was the key factor in getting a driver to stop
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