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Matt Ridley

The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves

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Shreya Ghoshje citiraoпре 2 месеца
There is no known human tribe that does not trade
Shreya Ghoshje citiraoпре 2 месеца
The lesson of this study is that, on the whole, having to deal with strangers teaches you to be polite to them, and that in order for such generosity to emerge, costly punishment of selfishness may be necessary.
Shreya Ghoshje citiraoпре 2 месеца
the notion of comparative advantage as defined by the stockbroker David Ricardo in 1817
Shreya Ghoshje citiraoпре 2 месеца
According to the anthropologist Joe Henrich, human beings learn skills from each other by copying prestigious individuals, and they innovate by making mistakes that are very occasionally improvements – that is how culture evolves. The
b6144988462je citiraoпре 3 месеца
Self-sufficiency is poverty
b6144988462je citiraoпре 3 месеца
Prosperity, or growth, has been synonymous with moving from self-sufficiency to interdependence, transforming the family from a unit of laborious, slow and diverse production to a unit of easy, fast and diverse consumption paid for by a burst of specialised production.
b6144988462je citiraoпре 3 месеца
Self-sufficiency is therefore not the route to prosperity.
b6144988462je citiraoпре 4 месеца
Speculation, herd exuberance, irrational optimism,
Shreya Ghoshje citiraoпре 7 месеци
I find that my disagreement is mostly with reactionaries of all political colours: blue ones who dislike cultural change, red ones who dislike economic change and green ones who dislike technological change.
Andrey Shapovalovje citiraoпрошле године
All is tranquil; a bird sings outside the window.
Oh please!
Andrey Shapovalovje citiraoпрошле године
some ape-men had begun exchanging food or tools with others in such a way that both partners to the exchange were better off, and both were becoming more specialised.
Specialisation encouraged innovation, because it encouraged the investment of time in a tool-making tool. That saved time, and prosperity is simply time saved
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
As the economist Herb Gintis puts it, ‘societies that use markets extensively develop a culture of co-operation, fairness and respect for the individual’
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
Earlier I wrote that division of labour was made possible by technology. But it is more interesting than that. Technology was made possible by division of labour: market exchange calls forth innovation
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
Getting richer is not the only or even the best way of getting happier. Social and political liberation is far more effective, says the political scientist Ronald Ingleheart: the big gains in happiness come from living in a society that frees you to make choices about your lifestyle – about where to live, who to marry, how to express your sexuality and so on.
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
Exchange is to cultural evolution as sex is to biological evolution.
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
I shall argue that there was a point in human pre-history when big-brained, cultural, learning people for the first time began to exchange things with each other, and that once they started doing so, culture suddenly became cumulative, and the great headlong experiment of human economic ‘progress’ began.
Hajiahmad Madatovje citiraoпре 3 године
The psychologist Daniel Gilbert likes to joke that every member of his profession lives under the obligation at some time in his career to complete a sentence which begins: ‘The human being is the only animal that ...’
Alexey Solodovnikovje citiraoпре 4 године
Rational optimism holds that the world will pull out of the current crisis because of the way that markets in goods, services and ideas allow human beings to exchange and specialise honestly for the betterment of all
Юлия Марголинаje citiraoпре 4 године
The answer, I believe, is that at some point in human history, ideas began to meet and mate, to have sex with each other.
Юлия Марголинаje citiraoпре 4 године
Humanity is experiencing an extraordinary burst of evolutionary change, driven by good old-fashioned Darwinian natural selection.
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