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Aristotle

Politics: A Treatise on Government

    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    gift of speech also evidently proves that man is a more social animal than the bees, or any of the herding cattle: for nature, as we say, does nothing in vain, and man is the only animal who enjoys it
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    Voice indeed, as being the token of pleasure and pain,
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    It is one of the most marked characteristics of Greek political theory that Plato and Aristotle think of the statesman as one who has knowledge of what ought to be done, and can help those who call him in to prescribe for them, rather than one who has power to control the forces of society.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    Democracy, he explains, is the government not of the many but of the poor; oligarchy a government not of the few but of the rich. And each class is thought of, not as trying to express an ideal, but as struggling to acquire power or maintain its position.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    Instead, then, of beginning with a state which would express man's ideal nature, and adapting it as well as may be to man's actual shortcomings from that ideal, we must recognise that the state and all political machinery are as much the expression of man's weakness as of his ideal possibilities. The state is possible only because men have common aspirations, but government, and political power, the existence of officials who are given authority to act in the name of the whole state, are necessary because men's community is imperfect, because man's social nature expresses itself in conflicting ways, in the clash of interests, the rivalry of parties, and the struggle of classes, instead of in the united seeking after a common good.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    Aristotle is right in seeing that political government demands equality, not in the sense that all members of the state should be equal in ability or should have equal power, but in the sense that none of them can properly be regarded simply as tools with which the legislator works, that each has a right to say what will be made of his own life.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    the ideal state power will be given to the man with most knowledge of the good; in other states to the men who are most truly capable of achieving that end which the citizens have set themselves to pursue.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    The causes of revolutions are not described as primarily changes in the conception of the common good, but changes in the military or economic power of the several classes in the state.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    middle class is strong, as only the middle class can mediate between the rich and the poor.
    Michelle Roix Almirayje citiralaпре 5 година
    constitution of a state is only the outward expression of the common aspirations and beliefs of its members, explains the paramount political importance which Aristotle assigns to education. It is the great instrument by which the legislator can ensure that the future citizens of his state will share those common beliefs which make the state possible
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