Citati iz knjige „The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language“ autora Steven Pinker

Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
the 1960s some well-meaning educational psychologists announced that American black children had been so culturally deprived that they lacked true language and were confined instead to a “non-logical mode of expressive behavior.”
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
both dialects, be can erode only in certain kinds of sentences. No SAE speaker would try the following contractions:
Yes he is! Yes he’s!
I don’t care what you are. I don’t care what you’re.
Who is it? Who’s it?
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
an invented language to satisfy his deep need to complain.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
the heart of this process is wondrously flexible human intelligence, with its general multipurpose learning strategies.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
language is not just any cultural invention but the product of a special human instinct.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
medium that could express abstract concepts, invisible entities, and complex trains of reasoning.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
a technology that works so well that the user takes its outcome for granted, unaware of the complicated machinery hidden behind the panels.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
are dozens of subroutines that arrange the words to express the meaning.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
central and perennial importance.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 6 месеци
The language each person acquires is a rich and complex construction hopelessly underdetermined by the fragmentary evidence available [to the child].
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
For example, the English past-tense ending -ed may have evolved from the verb do: He hammered was originally something like He hammer-did.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
The language that results when children make a pidgin their native tongue is called a creole.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
Pidgins are choppy strings of words borrowed from the language of the colonizers or plantation owners, highly variable in order and with little in the way of grammar.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
Once invented, language would entrench itself within a culture as parents taught their children and children imitated their parents.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
Language is invaluable for all the activities of daily living in a community of people: preparing food and shelter, loving, arguing, negotiating, teaching. Necessity being the mother of invention, language could have been invented by resourceful people a number of times long ago.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
He be working means that he generally works, perhaps that he has a regular job; He working means only that he is working at the moment that the sentence is uttered. In SAE, He is working fails to make that distinction.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
Ordinary speech, like color vision or walking, is a paradigm of engineering excellence
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
To a linguist, the term gender retains its original meaning of “kind,” as in the related words generic, genus, and genre. The Bantu “genders” refer to kinds like humans, animals, extended objects, clusters of objects, and body parts.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
First, virtually every sentence that a person utters or understands is a brand-new combination of words, appearing for the first time in the history of the universe.
Diego Iván
Diego Ivánje citiraoпре 8 месеци
no philologist now supposes that any language has been deliberately invented; it has been slowly and unconsciously developed by many steps.
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